Johannes Christiaan Schotel (Dordrecht 1787 – 1838 Dordrecht)
Study of a Seated Man
Pencil, black chalk, grey wash, pencil framing lines, watermark crowned fleur-de-lys, 235 x 280 mm (9.3 x 11 inch)
Inscribed ‘J.C. Schotel’ (pencil, verso)
Private collection, Germany
Johannes Christiaan Schotel, mostly known as J.C. Schotel, was born in Dordrecht, the son of an industrialist.1 Having been destined to follow his father’s footsteps, Schotel’s artistic talents manifested themselves at an early date, and he entered the Dordrecht society of painters Pictura in 1805. From 1808 he was taught by the marine painter Martinus Schouman, who was of utmost importance for the development of his style and his subject matter of choice, the marine. Schotel was also much influenced by Dutch 17th-century marine painters such as Willem van de Velde and Ludolf Bakhuyzen. J.C. Schotel married Petronella Elisabeth van Steenbergen and taught both his son and daughter, Petrus Johannes (1808-1865) and Christina Petronella Schotel (1818-1854).
Although Schotel’s painted oeuvre mostly consists of highly finished marines, he was more experimental in his drawings. Schotel often drew figures from life, taking fishermen and peasants as his subjects. Despite their relatively small dimensions, these studies have an air of monumentality, possibly because Schotel usually left large areas of blank paper, with the figure study only taking up a small area of the paper – contrary to the practise of many other draftsmen, who preferred to fill their whole sheets.
Our carefully observed study of a seated man wearing wooden clogs and a fur cap can for instance be compared to a drawing by Schotel in the Rijksmuseum (fig.).2
1. For the artist, see J.M. de Groot (ed.), Een onsterfelijk zeeschilder J.C. Schotel, 1787-1838, exh. cat. Dordrecht (Dordrechts Museum) 1989, passim.
2. Black chalk, 235 x 191 mm; inv. no. RP-T-1953-93.Request more information »